Using Manual Focus

Nowadays, even most professional photographers use autofocus feature since it is quick, reliable and produces great results. However, in certain situations manual focus (MF) can have an advantage over autofocus (AF). Most modern lenses have a switch from AF to MF; but there are some lenses on the market that offer only manual focus. Continue Reading

Using Continuous (Burst) mode in photography

Burst mode (also known as continuous or sports mode) in photography is when a camera takes numerous continuous shots within an extremely short period of time. It is most useful in sports but many photographers also use it while photographing children or taking group shots. On most high-end cameras, using a burst mode is as simple as setting the burst mode setting and holding shutter release button for as long as you want the camera to take shots. Most cheaper models and point and shoot cameras however, will limit how many images can be taken within a burst. Continue Reading

Using a lens hood

Many people who are new to photography often don’t bother using a lens hood and simply treat it as an “extra” part that came with the lens. In reality, lens hoods are an important tool in the arsenal of a professional photographer and serve two important functions. Continue Reading

Understanding Camera Batteries

Batteries are lifeline of every camera. You never want to find yourself in a situation where you find yourself in a perfect shooting situation but can’t take the shot because your battery is dead. To avoid this nightmare scenario, it is important to understand how batteries work and why it is always necessary to have a back-up. Continue Reading

Deciding on Full Frame Sensor vs Crop Sensor

Sensor sizes vary depending on make and model of a camera and you should know the difference between Full Frame Sensor and Crop sensor before investing in a new camera. Back in the days of film cameras, SLRs had a standard 35mm rectangle to capture images; this is where the full frame term comes from. Modern digital cameras have sensor sized at 24mm x 36mm but are still considered to be full frame sensor since they cover the same area that a 35mm film would. Continue Reading

Depth of field

Depth of field (DoF) is the distance between the closest and farthest objects in a focused photo. It can vary depending on camera type, aperture and focusing distance. The size of the print as well as the viewing distance may influence the perception of the DoF. Generally, there isn’t a “right” or “wrong” DoF – it depends on your own personal preference. However, a photographer may choose to employ a certain DoF to get a viewer attention on a particular subject of their photograph. Continue Reading

Exposure Compensation

Modern digital cameras have advanced metering systems that can deal with most lighting conditions automatically but there may be times when a camera can’t correctly expose the image or when you may want to add your own artistic twist to the photo. In the photography world, “exposure” is a term used to assess the lighting of the image. A properly exposed image will have the right amount of light and thus be pleasing for the eye. Underexposed image will be too dark; overexposed – too bright. Even the best camera may misjudge the correct exposure when on automatic setting, that’s why most professional cameras have exposure override function called Exposure Compensation (EV comp). Continue Reading

Digital Image Sensor

Digital image sensor converts an optical image into an electronic signal. It is used in every gadget that captures images such as digital cameras, smart phones, scientific and medical equipment, scanners and toys. This article will focus on two types of sensors found in modern digital cameras – charge-coupled device (CCD) and complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS) active pixel sensors. Both of these image sensors have millions of tiny cells, each of which converts the light into electrons. Continue Reading

Camera Metering Modes Explained

What is metering?

Understanding how your digital camera meters light is essential for achieving accurate and consistent exposures. Camera’s metering mode refers to the way the camera analyzes the light reflecting off the sensor, which then determines how to set a correct exposure for a picture. By using its build-in metering sensor, the camera also determines the proper aperture and shutter speed, based on lighting conditions and ISO. Most cameras have four metering modes that allow the photographer to deal with different lighting conditions – evaluative zone (a.k.a. matrix), center-weighted, partial and spot. Continue Reading